Homestead is a process that is meant to adapt wild animals so that they can live among humans and learn about their own habits, where domestication changes the behavior of these animals even though they are sometimes aggressive. Studies have shown that animals subject to domestication become less in size Of her ancestors.
Types of domestic animals
Domestic animals fall under two categories.
1 – Domestic animals produced, those animals that benefit the human and production of meat, eggs and milk.
2 – Domestic pet animals where it is possible to benefit from these animals initially through the exploitation of their skills in hunting for example or for the purposes of guard dogs such as these relationships often end in the friendship between humans and animals.
Animal domestication standards
Some scientists assert that humans must follow six important criteria in the search for domestic animals, including the following.
1 – Flexibility in the diet where this must be available in animals that want to deal together and consume a large number of things that are not used by humans such as herbs, fodder or food preservatives.
2 – growth rate on average, the rate of growth of these animals should be fast compared to the age of human in the sense that the growth period of a few months or a few years to benefit from them in return for care and provide food and water during that period, and any animal is not subject to that condition is inappropriate For the process of domestication.
3. Ability to adapt to the family The animals that are difficult to live among families will become difficult to obtain from the production so it is better to look for species that prefer to be with the family.
4 – be pets where it may be very dangerous to the life of the family in case of predatory predator type of animals even if edible and production, including African buffalo.
5 – Selection of quiet animals Neuroscientists will not be able to keep them in a family and whenever they have the opportunity to escape will escape quickly away from home.
6 – the ability of these animals in the hierarchy of these animals know the value of the human well and accept the orders and easy to dominate them and their actions.
The benefits behind the domestication of animals
Of course, there are many benefits to humans as a result of animal domestication, including economic benefits, which are the following points.
1 – to be used in the guard dogs and also work on catching many species of wild animals.
2 – to ensure the human needs of meat and milk from cows, goats, camels and others.
3 – Production of many things, including wool, which enters many industries.
4 – the breeding of cats through which the disposal of mice inside the houses.
5 – The use of horses from ancient times until today in many things, including the purposes of war and mobility.
6 – conducting a lot of scientific research on a large division of those animals, which contributed to the medical development.