Clark’s (1939) experiment was an experiment by Dr. Kenneth Clarke and his wife, Mami, who asked black children to choose between a black doll and a white doll. The dolls were similar except for the skin color, but most believed the white doll was nicer.
Information on Clark’s doll and story
In 1954, in the Brown v Board of Education, the experiment helped convince the US Supreme Court that the “separate but equal” schools of black and white were equal in practice and therefore illegal, the beginning of the end of Jim Crow. In the experiment, Clark showed black children Aged between six and nine years, two dolls, one white and one black, and then asked these questions in the following order:
Show me the doll you love best or you want to play with.
Show me the doll you consider a nice doll.
3. Show me the doll that looks bad.
4. Give me a doll that looks like a white child.
5. Give me a doll that looks like a colored baby.
6 – Give me a doll that looks like a nigger child.
7. Give me a doll that looks like you.
Both “Negro” and “Colored” were common words of black before the 1960s.
The last question was the worst, with most black children choosing the black doll as bad blood. In 1950, 44 percent said that the white doll was similar to them in previous tests, yet many children refused to choose the doll or just start crying and running away.
In one study, Clark gave the test to 300 children in different parts of the country, found that black children who went to separate schools, those separated by race, were more likely to choose the white doll as the beautiful child, and in the test he did and became part of Brown v Board, asked 16 black children in 1950 in Clarendon County, South Carolina, 63% of those said the white doll was nice, the ones they wanted to play.
Clarke also asked the children to paint a picture of themselves, mostly chose a shade built significantly lighter than themselves.
Kerry Davis and repeat the same experiment
In 2005, Kerry Davis repeated the experience at Harlem as part of her short but excellent film Girl Likes Me. I asked 21 children and 71 percent said the white doll was nice.
Clark tested after Obama won the presidency
In 2009, after Obama became president, Good Morning America on ABC took the test and asked 19 black children from Norfolk, Virginia, difficult to compare because they allowed both “no” and “no” as an answer, The first question, first, made the answer easier: 88% said the black doll looked exactly like them. ABC added a question: “What pretty doll?” Both boys said, but 47 percent of the black girls said the white doll was beautiful.
Why this Clark experiment was made
The Clarke doll test was conducted by Dr. Kenneth Clarke and his wife, Mami Clarke, for a master’s thesis. The study focused on stereotypes and self-perception of children in relation to their race. The Clarke study results were used to demonstrate that classroom separation distorted the minds of young black children, Stereotypical and racist, to the extent that they hate themselves.
The Clarke doll test is well known for its social significance and impact, although some say the results lack empirical weight and found differences between children enrolled in separate schools in Washington, DC, compared with integrated schools in New York.
The results of the Clark doll experience
The researchers found that black children often choose to play with white dolls more than blacks. When children are asked to fill a human drawing with the color of their skin, they often choose colors that are lighter than their actual skin color. Children also give the color “white” positive features such as good and beautiful On the contrary, “black” is attributed to being bad and ugly, and the last question posed by the researchers was the worst because by then, most black children had already known the black puppet as a bad puppet, among the subjects, 44% said that The white doll looks like them, but in past tests, Rack Many children choose a doll or began to cry and fled.
The results were interpreted as good and credible evidence that black children have absorbed racial discrimination and stigmatization. The study shows that stereotypes of black people are bad, and white people are more pleasant and desirable people.
Criticism was directed at Clark’s experience
The study was criticized for being known only for reference in the case of the court contrary to the intrinsic value and empirical work, many argue that the study lacked theory and control of variables, according to critics, since the African-American couple was the team that conducted studies, the desired result of desire In demonstrating that African-Americans have portrayed a negative pattern, perhaps caused some bias, and may have distorted the results.