HHe is known for his knowledge in many fields such as astronomy, engineering, mathematics, and music. His life was interested in science and he was educated by the great scholars of his time. He belonged to the class of scientists of his time and was the richest and most abundant class. And in this article we will present profiles of his life and his works that benefited humanity in various fields.
Birth and life:
He was born in Harran, Turkey, in 836 AD. Since his youth, he was passionate about science and found food for his spirit. He was acquainted with al-Khawarizmi after leaving Harran and learned many sciences from him. Al-Khwarizmi introduced him to the Caliph al-Mutasim, From Mu’tasim that he approached the scholars who have the talents and considered them as close to him and gave them a lot of gifts and grants, and was the residence of many of the Council of Ulama in his palace.
He wrote in medicine, engineering, religion, chemistry and anatomy. He translated many Greek works, so the title of Euclid was given to him. He lived under the Abbasid state and was known for his patronage of art, culture and science. They also quoted the sciences of other civilizations, including the benefit of the Muslims, and placed them in an Islamic form, and was the constant of the karate of one of the scientists who contributed to the development of Islamic civilization and culture.
The works of Tabet ibn Qurra:
First he wrote:
1- Shortcut logic.
2 – the mosques of the Book of Paremenias.
3 – Occasions reserved by Toubika.
4 – Prayers pray to God Almighty.
5 – mosques of the first book.
6. Shortening the book after nature.
7 – Book in the reason why the mountains.
8- Wrench joints and gout.
9. Pulse book in medical accountability.
His achievements in translation:
Thabit Ben Kara translated several works of Euclid, Apollonius, Archimedes, and Ptolemy, due to the constant proficiency of Ben Qara in the art of translation and his creation of Arabic, Greek and Surrealism.
Achievements in Astronomy:
He was the first to calculate the length of the solar year, and he defined it to 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, and 12 seconds.
Fourth achievement in the science of medicine:
Thabet bin Qara succeeded in dissecting the eye with high accuracy and the most recent breakthrough in the field of medicine. His dissection of the eye was very close to the modern anatomy of the eye, and he also diagnosed some cases such as ophthalmic patients and oily and white water on the eye. They talked about the weakness of vision and its causes and treatment.
V. His Achievements in Mathematics:
He wrote a number of mathematical theories. He wrote a book on the issue of a book on the issues of a straight line on two lines, a book on the cutting of a cylinder, a book on the triangular triangle, a book on the disposition of forms of measurement, a book in the form of a sector, The book of the entry into Euclid’s book, the book of the square and its diameter, the book of the space of flat forms, a book in the space of the binding objects, the book of proportion, the book of the area of cutting lines,
The most famous students of Tawbah ibn Qurra:
1 – Sinan Ibrahim.
2 – Qara ibn Qumaita.
3 – Asir bin Isa.
4 – Ibrahim bin Zahron.
5 – Ayoub bin Qasim al-Raki.
6 – Al-Batani, the author of astrology.