Condensate is a simple passive device that can store an electrical charge on its panels when connected to a voltage source. The capacitor is a component that has the ability or “management” to store energy in the form of an electrical charge that produces a voltage difference through its panels, such as a small rechargeable battery.
There are many different types of capacitors available from very small capacitors used in resonance circuits to large capacitors to correct the power factor, but they all do the same and store the charge. The capacitor consists of two or more unconnected metal conductors Or tentacle to each other, but are electrically separated either by air or by a good physical form of insulating materials such as tarpaulins, mica, ceramics, plastic or a form of liquid gel as in electrolytic capacitors, Tvat is usually an electrical insulator.
Because of this insulation layer, the DC can not flow through the capacitor because it prevents the presence of electric voltage across the panels in the form of an electrical charge. The metal plates connected to the capacitor can be either square, circular or rectangular, or can be cylindrical or spherical with The overall shape, size, and construction of a parallel panel capacitor depending on its application and voltage rating. When used in a DC circuit, the capacitor charges up to its supply voltage but prevents current flow through it because the condenser insulator is unplugged and is essentially insulated. AC power amplifier Or AC circuit, the current flow appears to pass directly through the capacitor with little or no resistance.
There are two types of charge, the positive charge in the form of protons and negative charge in the form of electrons. When DC voltage is placed through a capacitor, the positive charge (+ ve) accumulates rapidly on one plate while the negative charge (-ve) accumulates on the other plate, For each particle of the ve-shipment, up to one plate, a charge will leave the same label from the -ve plate. The plates will remain neutral and there is a potential difference due to this charge between the two layers. Once the capacitor reaches its steady state, the current can not flow through the capacitor itself. Circuit due to insulating properties of electrical insulation Used to separate panels.
Intense and electron flow
The flow of electrons on the plates is known as the continuous charge current which continues to flow until the voltage across both pages (and hence the capacitor) is applied to the applied voltage. At this point, the capacitor is said to be “fully charged” with electrons. (The initial condition) and the value is slowly reduced to zero where the panels charge difference as much as possible through the capacitor plates equal to the source voltage. The amount of potential difference across the capacitor depends on the amount of charge deposited on the panels through the work done by the source voltage and also the amount Capacity in the condenser.
Capacitor parallel plate
Is the simplest form of capacitor, and can be manufactured using metal sheets or metal foil at a parallel distance to each other, and with the value of the capacitance in Farad to be fixed by the surface area of the conductive panels and the separation distance between them, and changing any of these two values changes its capacitance value, In addition, because the capacitors store the energy of the electrons in the form of electrical charge on the plates, the larger the plates, the smaller the charge, the larger the charge, the smaller the distance and more capacity.
By applying the voltage on the capacitor and measuring the charge on the plates, the ratio of charge Q to voltage V will give the capacitance value of the capacitor and thus give as C = Q / V, and this equation can also be rearranged in order to give the familiar formula of charge amount on the panels as follows Q = C x V. Although we said that the charge is stored on the capacitor plates, it is more accurate to say that the energy inside the charge is stored in an “electrostatic field” between the two plates. When the current flows into the capacitor it is charged upwards, so the electrostatic field Much stronger because it stores more energy between The electrostatic field decreases with the energy transfer from the plates. The capacitor’s capacitance is called the charge storage for its plates in the form of an electrostatic field with capacitance capacity. Not only is the capacitance also a property of the capacitor Which resists changing the voltage through it.
The capacitance of the electric capacitor
Capacitance is an electrical property of the capacitor, a measure of the capacitor’s ability to store an electrical charge on its panels. The capacitance unit is Farad (abbreviation for F), which is named after the British physicist Michael Faraday. Capacitance is defined as containing one capacitor from Farad By one-volt voltage. Note that capacitance C is always positive and does not contain negative units. However, Farad is a very large unit of measurement for its own use.