Michael Faraday was born on September 22, 1791, in south London. His family was not in good shape. Faraday received an only basic formal education. When he was 14 years old, he was trained in a local book and over the next seven years he taught himself by reading books on a wide range In 1812, Faraday attended four lectures by Humphrey Davy at the Royal Institute. Faraday then wrote to Davy for a job as his assistant, and Davy rejected him in 1813 and appointed him as a chemist at the Royal Institute.
The inventions of the world Faraday
One year after his appointment as a chemical assistant, Faraday was invited to accompany Davy and his wife on a European tour for 18 months. He visited France, Switzerland, Italy, and Belgium and interviewed many influential scientists. After their return in 1815, Faraday continued to work at the Royal Institute, And in 1821 he published his work on electromagnetic rotation (the principle behind the electric motor). He was able to conduct further research in the 1920s, was busy as he was committed to other projects, and in 1826 he founded evening speeches at the Royal Institute in the evening Friday and the same year Hadharat Christmas holiday, both of which continue to this day, and threw himself many lectures and proved his reputation as a lecturer scientifically prominent in his time.
In 1831, Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction, the principle behind transformer and generator. This discovery was crucial in allowing the conversion of electricity from curiosity into a powerful new technique. During the remainder of the decade he developed his ideas about electricity and was partly responsible for drafting many familiar words Including the pole, the cathode and the ions. Faraday’s scientific knowledge was harnessed for practical use through many official dates, including the scientific adviser at Trinity House (1836-1865) and a professor of chemistry at the Royal Military Academy in Welwich (1830-1851), however, In the early 1840s, Faraday’s health began to deteriorate and he did less research.
He died on 25 August 1867 in Hampton Court, where he had obtained official housing in recognition of his contribution to science, and gave his name to “Farad”, originally describing the unit of the electric charge but later the unit of electric capacity.
Education and Early Life of Michael Faraday
Michael Faraday was born on September 22, 1791, in London England England, was the third child of James and Margaret Faraday. His father was a mournful warden. Before his marriage, his mother was a maid. The family lived in poverty. Michael Faraday enrolled in a local school At the age of 13, he received a basic education to earn money for the family. He began working as a delivery boy to a library. He worked hard and admired his employer. After a year he was promoted to become a trainee book folder.
The theory of electrical chemistry of the Faraday world
While Faraday was conducting these experiments and presenting them to the scientific world, doubts were raised about the identity of the various aspects of electricity studied. Was the electric “liquid” that was apparently emitted by electric eels and other electric fish produced by a fixed generator and a battery The new electromagnetic voltage and generator are the same? Or are they different liquids that follow different laws ?, Faraday was convinced that they were not liquids at all but forms of the same power, yet he realized that this identity never appeared satisfactorily through experience, and for this reason began in 1832 promises to be an attempt Fairly arduous to prove that all electrical devices have exactly the same characteristics and caused exactly the same effects.
The main effect was electrolysis, PV and electromagnetism did not pose any problem, but static electricity did not occur, and when Faraday deepened the problem, he made two amazing discoveries. First, the wattage did not work as long ago on the chemical molecules to cause their separation. The passage of electricity through a conductor medium is what caused the molecules to be separated, even when the electricity was discharged into the air and did not move into a “pole” or “center of motion” in a voltage cell. Secondly, the amount of decomposition was simply related to the amount of electricity passing through the solution, These led Results Faraday to a new theory in electrical chemistry.
When the force was strong enough to distort the fields of forces that had collected the particles together to allow these fields to interact with adjacent particles, the tension was mitigated by the migration of particles along the tension lines, the different species Of the atoms migrate in opposite directions, and the amount of electricity that passed then was clearly linked to the chemical connections of the solution materials, and these experiments directly led to the Faraday law of electrical chemistry:
1 – The amount of material deposited on each electrode in an electric cell corresponds to the amount of electricity passing through the cell.
2- The quantities of different elements deposited in a certain quantity of electricity shall be in the proportion of their equivalent chemical weights.
Faraday Scientific Life
From the beginning of his scientific work, Faraday believed in what he called the unity of the forces of nature, and this meant that all the forces of nature were merely manifestations of a single universal force, and thus must be transferable to one another. In 1846, Who was due to deliver a Friday night speech at the Royal Institute, which encouraged Faraday to circulate the flag, panicked at the last minute lecture and ran out, leaving Faraday with a lecture hall crammed with no records.