Our master Omar ibn al-Khattab may Allah be pleased with him is one of the greatest companions and one of the caliphs who has been able to immortalize his name in history with a wide range of works and unique achievements. Omar ibn al-Khattab has been known as al-Faruq, as described by the Prophet peace be upon him The devil also terrorizes him and can not walk the path he walks.
The general characteristics of our master Omar bin al-Khattab:
– Power: Our master Omar was very strong in his ability to extend his control over people and different countries. He had a great prestige that made everyone afraid of him.
– Justice: Our master Omar was known for justice and that was why he called him Al-Farouq, so he was keen to get everyone his right whatever.
– mercy: Despite his strength, he was merciful and loving goodness. He was not hard-hearted and liked to serve people whenever he could.
The most prominent achievements of Omar bin al-Khattab:
After the death of Abu Bakr al-Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him), Sayyed Omar ibn al-Khattab assumed the caliphate after the Muslim consensus on his choice. He succeeded in achieving many achievements that benefited the entire Muslim world.
–Establishing a system of departments such as Diwan Al-Kharaj and salaries :
Our master, Umar ibn al-Khattab, believes that the Islamic Ummah needs a specific system to facilitate the process of collecting and distributing funds. Therefore, he created a group of departments with different powers such as the army bureau, which deals with the salaries of soldiers, The tender is concerned with the distribution of funds to those in need.
– Establishment of the Muslim House of Wealth :
Omar Bin Al-Khattab was interested in establishing a place that would be responsible for collecting all the money due from the Islamic nation, then distributing it in several different parties in the Islamic State to benefit from it.
– Develop a justice system that provides more justice :
His master, Umar ibn al-Khattab, established a system for the Islamic judiciary. He realized how important it is to have a judiciary governed by a set of conditions that provide justice to Muslims. This has made him appoint judges on special terms, giving them adequate salaries and preventing them from engaging in commerce. , And established several different courts.
The Islamic conquest of Egypt, Syria and Iraq :
Our master Omar ibn al-Khattab expanded his Islamic conquests. The purpose of this was to spread the Islamic religion further. Indeed, Sayyid Omar succeeded in opening many countries, including the Levant, Persia and Egypt, as well as Iraq and Jerusalem.
– Establishing new cities such as Kufa and Fustat :
After establishing many different Islamic countries, he built new cities and organized them. Two cities were built in Iraq: Kufa and Basra, as well as two cities in Egypt, namely Fustat And Giza.
– Attention to agriculture and paving roads :
Our master Omar ibn al-Khattab paid great attention to the issues of agriculture and land reclamation. He also built a number of dams and basements. He managed to break down many branches of rivers. He also repaired and paved various roads so that communication between cities, Thus preparing for the revitalization of agriculture and industry.
– Collect the Koran and interest in science :
Our master Omar bin al-Khattab collected the Holy Quran by order of our master Abu Bakr al-Siddiq. He succeeded in collecting it in a precise scientific way. He then sent a number of senior Sahaabah to several different regions to spread the teachings of the Islamic religion in the different countries that were opened.
– Creation of the Hijri calendar :
Our master Umar ibn al-Khattab took credit for the development of the Hijri calendar after he held the Shura Council with the Sahaabah and discussed the issue of determining a specific date in order to avoid errors in the various contracts and transactions. God be upon him.