The American scientist Abraham Maslow is one of the most famous psychologists throughout history and is the owner of the theory of hierarchy of needs in psychology, known as the Maslow pyramid.
The birth and birth of the child Abraham Maslow
Abraham was born on April 1, 1907 in the United States of America in Brooklyn, New York. He was born to Jewish parents who emigrated to the United States from Russia. His full name is Abraham Harold Maslow. Abraham grew up with a difficult child. His parents neglected him, and he did not receive enough psychological care and attention, especially his mother, who was more interested in religion than her son, but he grew up to become a successful and optimistic and has a great confidence in humans and that they are originally owners Good and good nature.
Abraham was the eldest of his seven brothers. This large number of children in a poor family made it more difficult for Abraham, who was also persecuted by his neighbors. He spent all his time in the library, where Abraham found his passion for reading.
Young Abraham: his education and his career
After graduating from high school, Abraham enrolled at New York City University. He also attended evening classes in law, but he soon left her after realizing that the law study did not suit him. He then enrolled at the University of Wisconsin for the study of psychology, 1931 in the specialization of behavioral experiments.
World Abraham: His career
Abraham joined the University of Brooklyn from 1937 until 1951, and when he entered the United States in World War II he was a great age to join the ranks of the fighting forces, but the war inspired him and influenced him greatly, and helped him develop the rules of psychology And he was also influenced by the two great worlds Max Wertheimer and Ruth Benedict.
He was appointed professor at Brandeis University in 1951 and taught there until 1969 before becoming a fellow at the Luline Institute in California. Maslow also co-founded with Tony Sotich the Journal of Human Psychology in 1961, and continues to publish academic research to date.
Maslow pyramid needs
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is what the great scientist has shown to science throughout his life. In 1943, he presented his thesis “The Theory of Human Motivation”, in which he presented his theory of hierarchy of human needs hierarchically. His book “Motivation and Personality” in 1945, which has also become the most common theory in the interpretation of human needs.
According to Maslow’s theory, human needs can be classified as follows: physiological needs, safety needs, needs of belonging and love, needs of self-esteem, self-fulfillment and self-transcendence needs.
As a human psychologist, it is believed that everyone has a strong desire to achieve his or her full potential to reach a certain level of self-realization. He has supported this theory by studying such figures as Albert Einstein, Henry David Thoreau, Ruth Benedict, and others who see Maslow They have succeeded in achieving themselves.
His personal life and his death
He married his uncle’s daughter Berta in 1928 when he was 20 years old. His marriage was the beginning of a very happy family life. He had two daughters. In his life he suffered from heart problems and suffered a major heart attack in 1967. In 1970 he suffered another heart attack and died in the same year. In recognition of this, the American Psychological Association awards a prize in the name of Abraham Maslow for outstanding contributions in psychology.